Volt's Climate & Energy policy - towards Climate Neutrality!
We hold the future in our hands
Volt is committed to working towards climate neutrality in energy production and use by 2035.
For this reason, we have made a comprehensive energy policy, that is current for all Volt parties in Europe. We stand together because we know that the climate is a challenge we must face together!
The 2015 Paris Agreement was a diplomatic breakthrough in the fight against climate change. Almost all countries committed to limiting global warming to 2°C, aiming for 1.5°C, through strict and continuously reported nationally determined contributions (NDCs).
Yet, despite good intentions, humankind remains far from solving the climate crisis: all pledges, targets and NDCs combined would only limit global warming to 3.2°C with only a 66% probability.
With current policies, the European Union (EU) is not on a 2°C or 1.5°C pathway either.
All the while, science presents more and more evidence that the window of opportunity to solve this existential challenge is narrowing.
Europe needs a massive green transformation involving technological, structural, and behavioural revolutions to live in a well-balanced world, where corporations, governments, and citizens take a larger responsibility for future generations and the future of our planet.
Volt envisions a transition with the primary objective of stopping anthropogenic global warming as well as achieving a long-term sustainable and prosperous eco-civilization, hand in hand with technological development.
We want to take the ecological revolution to the next level. From local to the European level and ultimately to the global political stage. We will push for a transition that is as social and fair as possible, encouraging citizen empowerment and targeting the biggest polluters.
The required changes will fundamentally alter society, our economies, and the relationship of humanity to the environment. The current delay of action, however, does not delay the impact of consequences.
Volt recognises that a broad range of impactful policies is required to ensure livable societies and a humane future worldwide. These include policies to transform our behaviour and our economy, as well as policies intended to speed up the energy transition and reduce the damage done to the environment. Volt aims to fairly distribute the burden of these policies, based on the principle that the responsibility to act should be proportional to the damage done and profit gained by all parties alike, companies, institutions, and people across the world
"Europe needs a massive green transformation involving technological, structural, and behavioural revolutions to live in a well-balanced world, where corporations, governments, and citizens take a larger responsibility for future generations and the future of our planet." Volt Europa Energy Transition and Climate Change Policy
Reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2030 compared to 2019 and 100% by 2040.
Develop and start implementing a long-term carbon negativity strategy to achieve the 2040 carbon neutrality milestone, thus creating a buffer in case other economies do not contribute their fair share in reversing damaging global warming in the long run.
Carbon sinks/carbon-sequestering should be its main focus, including technical solutions (e.g., carbon capture & sequestration) and natural carbon sinks (e.g., ecosystem restoration and sustainable agriculture).
"The proposal for a LULUCF regulation revises existing rules, last amended in 2018. The regulation provides a framework for ensuring that emissions and removals generated by this sector are accounted for in the EU’s climate targets and objectives." EU Concillium, press statement 11.11.2022
EURACTIVE article - November 2022: Deal reached on EU law regulating CO2 removals from forestry, land use.
We need to protect our carbon sinks!
PFPI report, november 2022 by Mary Booth:
"Denmark has lost its carbon sink completely and depends heavily on imported wood, including eucalyptus chips that Denmark imports from Brazil to partially fuel a Copenhagen biomass plant that consumes 1.2 million tonnes of wood chips per year. (source).
This source is off the books regarding its impact on land carbon stocks and sinks, since loss of carbon from Brazil’s forests will not show up in the European carbon accounts. The Eurostat country-to-country pellet trade dataset shows Denmark imported wood pellets in 2020 from Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Russia, Ukraine, Canada, and the US."
We want to cover 100% of
emissions with two efficient, effective, market-based and technology-neutral instruments:
- an expanded EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) which will cover the vast majority of
sectors under one universal cap, and
- one uniform price, complemented by a carbon tax
for such emissions where that is the more effective or efficient instrument.
An EU-wide Carbon Tax would result in clear incentives for
climate-friendly solutions and discourage the production and consumption of carbon-intensive products.
Extend the ETS to cover at least 90% (2019 ca. 45%) of all EU
carbon emissions under a single cap to reduce emissions efficiently and predictably.
All fossil fuels shall be included, independent of their usage
Apply regulation where fossil fuels enter the system (ports, pipelines, mines, etc) to simplify administration.
Introduce a Carbon Tax for any sectors where an expanded ETS would cause disproportionate administrative effort (e.g., highly fragmented industries that
can hardly be captured upstream).
ETS must include land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF), with each member state treated as a single emitter.
The aviation industry should be included in the ETS without any exemptions, incorporating all climate effects as CO2e to the best of our scientific knowledge.
Direct off-setting by the <irline industry will not lead to a reduced number of ETS certificates needed.
Ships operating in or entering European waters must pay a carbon price. This shall apply to all vessels with a gross tonnage of more than 5,000 on a per-voyage berthing fee paid to the port authorities.
Agricultural emissions from livestock and soil should be taxed at the source because they are local and fragmented.
Other non-sector-specific emissions in the agricultural sector (such as electricity and tractor fuels) will be covered by the ETS
mid- or upstream.
Empower citizens to contribute easily to the green transition by providing free access to energy grids and removing private feed-in caps.
Promote the liberalisation of electricity markets, especially at the retail level; citizens should switch to green power suppliers through transparent pricing and reduced switching barriers to guarantee effective market competition.
Separate the ownership of power generation, transmission, distribution, and retailing and allow direct bilateral agreements between suppliers and consumers.
Promote the total phase-out of coal by 2030 (lignite by 2025), prohibit new permits to drill for fossil fuels, and eliminate flaring immediately
80% of all known fossil fuel reserves should be left in the ground.
The advertising of fossil fuel products should be prohibited, similar to bans on cigarette
Support intensified deployment of smart electricity grids at the European level to provide a stable and clean energy system based on volatile electricity generation.
Relevant grid data should be available from system operations to encourage innovation in clean-tech.
Introduce an EU-wide infrastructure of high voltage “electricity motorways” and storage systems, funded by the EU budget, to facilitate an integrated
renewable energy system via both load balancing and energy transport across countries and large distances.
Simplify regulation for approvals and embrace participatory financing schemes for RES infrastructure to accelerate RES deployment and make citizens and
municipalities benefit financially.
Enable and advocate for decentralised and autonomous energy generation as well as supply and regional distribution structures. Installation of energy storage at home and on the grid level should be promoted through incentives or tax deductions.
Volt does not see biofuels as a solution for widespread use as long as large plantation schemes cause serious second-order environmental risks such as deforestation and food crop competition.
But without alternatives of the same energy density, biofuels may be necessary for certain applications. In those cases, Volt thus supports its sustainable use and corresponding research and development.
Ensure sustainable practices for biomass production by encouraging local
sourcing, the use of waste biomass, and avoiding damage to the local
environment or inefficient energy crops competing with food. The EU’s Renewable Energy Directive has to be reformed to avoid uncompensated wood harvesting for bioenergy production.
Bioenergy for energy production should thus remain within adequate sustainable limits.
Read more here www.voltdanmark.org/en/nuclear
Volt Danmark wants nuclear power to be developed and part of the solution to reduce CO2 and achieve climate neutrality. Volt wants a carbon-neutral Europe, and nuclear power is a stable source of energy that is already replacing fossil fuels.
As we face major climate challenges, energy policy must not be biased. We in Volt welcome an open, informed and real public debate on the future of energy production!
Technologically, we should not stand in the way of developing next generation reactors and, internationally, we should not stand in the way of nuclear power developing further.
To phase out fossil fuels, other forms of energy must replace oil, coal and gas.
But in spite of continued investments in wind and solar, these weather-dependent energy sources are not enough.
This chart shows how little electricity is provided by onshore wind, solar and offshore wind compared to the large, stable energy sources such as hydro, nuclear, coal, oil and gas.
A 1985 law prevents the construction of nuclear power plants in Denmark.
But the law should not stop research and development of nuclear technology - and the law should not silence a public debate based on science and focusing on the climate crisis and the world's electricity needs.
Nuclear power is a stable energy source and requires international cooperation
The European energy grid is part of the solution, so when we think about electricity production in Denmark, we need to think about how we interact with the rest of Europe.
Not all countries can work with solar and wind and therefore look to nuclear, including the Czech Republic. Energy policy is international.
And when we overproduce wind in Denmark at night, it feeds into Germany's and Norway's energy grids when we sell cheap.
Denmark then buys electricity from hydro-Norway, imports biomass from Estonia and burns waste and natural gas to ensure stable energy sources in the Danish electricity grid.
Fredericia var uden strøm juleaften
That is why it is critical when Danish, Austrian and German politicians intervene to prevent Eastern European countries from increasing nuclear power in their energy mix. The focus should be on strengthening security and increasing CO2-free electricity production.
Tysklands valg giver problemer i Polen